语法专题,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况

日期:2020-10-25 11:21:00   来源:互联网   编辑:小狐   阅读人数:164

一、概念

表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next dayweek, month, year…, soon, the day after tomorrow后天等。

二、基本结构

①be going to + do

②will+ do

三、否定句

在be动词(am, is, are)后加not或情态动词will后加not或直接用wont。如:

Im going to have a picnic this afternoon.

→Im not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

I will go to have a picnic tomorrow.

→I will not/wont go to have a picnic tomorrow.

四、一般疑问句

be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。如:

We are going to go on an outing this weekend.

→ Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

五、对划线部分提问。一般情况下,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

1. 问人。Who 如:

Im going to New York soon.

→Whos going to New York soon?

2. 问干什么。What 如:

My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon.

→What is your father going to do with you this afternoon?

3. 问什么时候。When 如:

Shes going to go to bed at nine.

→When is she going to bed?

六、同义句

be going to = will 如:

I am going to go swimming tomorrow.

= I will go swimming tomorrow.

练习:

一、填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I _______ _______ _______ have a picnic with my friends.

I _______ have a picnic with my friends.

2. —下个星期一你打算去干嘛?

我想去打篮球。

What _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ next Monday?

I _______ _______ _______ play basketball.

What _______ you do next Monday?

I _______ play basketball.

3. —妈这个周末去购物吗?—是,她要去买一些水果。

_______ your mother _______ _______ go shopping this _______?

Yes, she _______ . She _______ _______ _______ buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you _______ _______ meet?

二、按要求做题。

5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy _______ going to go camping.

6. Ill go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go _______ join them.

7. Im going to get up at tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)

_______ _______ _______ to get up at tomorrow?

8. We will meet at the bus stop at .(改一般疑问句)

_______ _______ meet at the bus stop at ?

9. She is going to(listen to music) after school.(对括号内部分提问)

_______ _______ she _______ _______ _______ after school?

10. (My father ) is going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(对括号内部分提问)

_______ _______ going to see a play the day after tomorrow?

参考答案:

一、填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I am going tohave a picnic with my friends.

I will have a picnic with my friends.

2. —下个星期一你打算去干嘛?

我想去打篮球。

What are you going_ to do next Monday?

I am going to play basketball.

What will you do next Monday?

I will play basketball.

3. —妈这个周末去购物吗?—是,她要去买一些水果。

Is your mother going to go shopping this weenked ?

Yes, she is . She is going to buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面。

What time are you going to meet?

二、按要求做题。

5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy isnt going to go camping.

6. Ill go and join them.(改否定)

I wont go or join them.

7. Im going to get up at tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)

Are you going to get up at tomorrow?

8. We will meet at the bus stop at .(改一般疑问句)

Will you meet at the bus stop at ?

9. She is going to(listen to music) after school.(对括号内部分提问)

What is she going to do after school?

10. (My father ) is going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(对括号内部分提问)

Who is going to see a play the day after tomorrow?

本文相关词条概念解析:

打算

打算,拼音dǎsuàn,计划或预定要达到一个预定的目标。又惊散鸳鸯两处飞,喒须索权回避。”《红楼梦》第八一回:“我原打算去告诉老太太,接二姐姐回来,谁知太太不依。

提问

提问(askaquestion)是一个汉语词语,也是一个动作。

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